19 August

August 19 is the 231st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar; 134 days remain until the end of the year.

We have some interesting facts & historic events all about August 19th, including areas in religion, crime, health and more.

Keep reading for more interesting facts about August 19th in history!

Table of Contents

  1. Global Celebrations
  2. Historic Events
  3. Famous Birthdays
  4. Heartbreaking Deaths

Global Celebrations

  • World Humanitarian Day
  • International Orangutan Day
  • National Aviation Day
  • International Bow Day
  • National Potato Day
  • World Photo Day

Historic Events

What Happened On This Day – August 19

1991: Race riots break out in the Crown Heights area of New York city

The violent race riots broke out between African-American and Orthodox Jewish residents of Crown Heights after 2 children were accidentally run down by the motorcade of Menachem Mendel Schneerson, a leader of the Orthodox Jews. This resulted in a 3-day long riot that ended in the death of 2 men and several injuries.

1978: A fire at the Rex Cinema in Abadan, Iran, kills over 400 people

The incident which is considered to be a run-up to the Iranian Revolution occurred during the screening of The Deers, a film by Iranian director Masoud Kimiai. It is thought that 4 extremists locked the gates of the theater and set it on fire. Many people at the time believed that the fire was started by SAVAK, the Iranian intelligence agency.

1964: World’s First Geostationary Satellite is Launched

Syncom 3, a communications satellite was launched from Cape Canaveral in Florida. A geostationary satellite is a manmade object that follows the Earth’s rotation around its axis. Because of this, it looks like it is not moving in the sky for observers on Earth. Like all geostationary satellites, Syncom 3 was placed in orbit about 22,00 miles from Earth, above the Equator and near the International Date Line. The 1964 Tokyo Olympics were broadcast to the United States with the help of this satellite.

1960: Sputnik 5 is launched by USSR

The Soviet spacecraft carried two dogs, Strelka and Belka, who became the first living beings to survive in space.

1919: Afghanistan Gains Independence From the United Kingdom

The Central Asian country came under British control in 1859, The country was considered to be a buffer for the British trade in opium and as a frontier to protect their interests in India. Despite trying several times to consolidate their rule over Afghanistan, the Afghan people remained hostile to British control and in 1919, King Amanullah declared Afghanistan to be independent from Britain’s protection. The declaration launched a war called the Third Anglo-Afghan War, which ended with the signing of the Rawalpindi Treaty on this day. The treaty granted Afghanistan independence from the British.

1944: French civilians fight with captured German weapons in Paris in August of 1944.

French civilians fight with captured German weapons in Paris in August of 1944.
French civilians fight with captured German weapons in Paris in August of 1944.

Famous Birthdays

Births On This Day, August 19

1946: Bill Clinton, American politician, 42nd President of the United States

1942: Fred Thompson, American politician, actor

1919: Malcolm Forbes, American publisher

1883 Coco ChanelFrench fashion designer, founded the Chanel Company

1871: Orville Wright, American aviation pioneer

Heartbreaking Deaths

Deaths On This Day, August 19

1994: Linus Pauling, American chemist, activist, Nobel Prize laureate

1977: Groucho Marx, American comedian, actor

1936: Federico García Lorca, Spanish poet, playwright, director

1895: John Wesley Hardin, American outlaw, gunfighter

14: Augustus, Roman Emperor

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